Ringworm in Dogs

Ringworm in Dogs
Humans and animals are susceptible to skin diseases like ringworm. In dogs, ringworm is usually caused by a fungus that is commonly known as microsporum canis. Moreover, there are other species that can cause ringworm and these are Microsporum gypseum and Trichophyton mentagrophytes. It can also be acquired when a dog comes in contact with an infected dog. Ringworm is also considered as zoonic disease which means that it can be transferred from animal to human. Just like children and kittens, young dogs (puppies) are more susceptible to ringworm. It is because their immune system is not yet developed to fight against fungus.
How do you know if your dog is suffering from ringworm? Here are the symptoms:
• Lesions. It is a round reddish spot found on the surface of the skin. Its shape may not always be round. It can grow larger when left untreated.
• Hair loss on infected areas
• Scaly and inflamed skin
• Itchy in some cases
How do you determine if it is really ringworm?
There are a lot of skin diseases occuring now a day due to negative environmental changes like pollution due to some hazardous chemicals and people’s lack of initiative to maintain the cleanliness of the environment. Some skin diseases also have the same symptoms as that of ringworm. In this case, it is advisable to consult a veterinary doctor to ensure accurate diagnosis and proper medication. Here are some of the methods being employed by the vet doctor:
• If the possible cause is immune suppression, the dog may undergo laboratory tests which include complete blood count, urinalysis and biochemical profile.
• Fungal Culture
• Wood Lamp Examination
• Microscopic examination, wherein a hair sample will be examined under the microscope.
How do you resolve your dog’s skin problem?
There are numerous ways to treat ringworm in dogs. The treatment can be exasperating and costly, especially when you have several pets at home. Treating your dog and disinfecting the home environment should be done simultaneously. Both are equally important for a speedy recovery.
• Oral Medications. One of the most commonly prescribed drugs is Griseofulvin. It has to be given during meal time.
• Topical Treatment. It includes creams and shampoos with anti-fungal solutions to prevent the environment from being contaminated with fungi. Examples are Dermazol or Selsan Blue Shampoo. Part of the treatment is clipping the hair of the infected dog and dipping it in lime sulfur solution or antiseptics. It has been proven effective if this treatment will be done with chlorhexidine 2% shampoo. Afterwards, rinse it with 0.2% enilconazole.
• Home Cleaning. It is very important to disinfect the environment to avoid contamination. Items that are no longer essential should be disposed of properly. The use of 5% sodium hypochlorite solution is found effective to ensure a 99.9% fungus free environment.
• Ringworm vaccine may also help, but it has to be done with the other tests to achieve positive results.
Source: http://www.dog-health-guide.org/RingwormInDogs.html